Vietnam Academy Of Social Sciences

International Workshop "Industrial Revolution 4.0: opportunities and challenges for Europe and experiences for Vietnam"


October 26, 2018, in Hanoi, the Institute for European Studies held an international workshop entitled "Industrial Revolution 4.0: opportunities and challenges for Europe and experiences for Vietnam”. On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the establishment of the Institute for European Studies, the workshop took place and received the attention of many national and international delegates from: Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences (Academy), the Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), the Institute for Agricultural and Development of PAS, Hong Kong Shue Yan University.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nguyen An Ha delivered a speech at the  workshop  

At the workshop, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nguyen An Ha, Director of the Institute for European Studies, said that Industrial Revolution 4.0 (IR 4.0) has opened up opportunities for countries, especially developing countries, to increase productivity and shorten development gap. However, in Vietnam, IR 4.0 was still in the conceptual form. Government, businesses, and workers had not accurately shaped the existence of this revolution in the process of national development. Therefore, the discussion on this content (through the access to opportunities and challenges in Europe) would contribute to the clarification of the content of the study, providing additional theoretical bases and policy for Vietnam to study experience, creating appropriate mechanisms towards sustainable development.

The workshop divided into 3 sessions: Session 1: Industrial Revolution 4.0 and impact on Europe; Session 2: Industrial Revolution 4.0 and policy of some European countries; Session 3: Industrial Revolution 4.0 and implications for Vietnam.

There were 8 presentations at the workshop. Thereby, scientists have jointly clarified the relevant research questions. According to Assoc.Prof.Dr. Dinh Cong Tuan, "The characteristic of Industrial Revolution 4.0: First, the combination of virtual and real systems; Second, the scale and speed of rapid development - unprecedented in history; Third, the powerful and comprehensive impact on the contemporary world".

Industrial Revolution 4.0 has had a strong influence throughout Europe. In Germany, the coalition government has planned to promote the development of digitization of traditional industries through the expansion of "smart services" sector... Thus, creating additional growth values in areas such as education, medical, energy, transportation, and administration.

A recent study by Fraunhofer IAO and BITKOM claimed that "IR 4.0" could bring about 79 billion euros to the German economy by 2025, focusing on industries such as chemicals, automobiles, mechanics, IT and communications, electrical engineering, agriculture, with an average increase of about 1.7 billion per year. However, Germany could not avoid the challenge on internet infrastructure, data security and a lack of high-quality human resources to operate and implement the 4.0 application in practice.

By analyzing the characteristics of the Polish economy, the researchers said that in the next ten years the digitization in Poland could help increase the value added in production from 11% to 19%, bringing $ 6-10 billion to the economy.  In addition, Industry experts predicted that IT and artificial intelligence would be the two main factors driving the digital transformation in Poland over the next three years, especially in the communications, transportation, automotive and retail industries.

Panoramic meeting Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nguyen An Ha and Prof.Dr. Dominika Milczarek-Andrzejewska presided over Session 1

It could confirm that the nature of IR 4.0 based on digital technology and integrates all smart technologies to optimize the process and production methods. Through the exchange, scientists believed that in IR 4.0 the opportunity of Europe is the opportunity to re-industrialize, increase labor productivity and promote the labor market to create more jobs in the field of high technology. On the other hand, Europe would face many difficulties related to six categories of problems: (1) Challenges for Governments, (2) EU manufacturing is under intense competition from emerging Asian countries such as China and India; (3) Research and development spending (R & D) in the EU is still low compared to other countries, (4) Challenges in training and skill development, (5) The challenge of inequality, (6) Technological development brings challenges on network security.

The delegates took souvenir photo at the workshop
In the assessment, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Nguyen An Ha stated that the scientists had jointly clarified the topic of the workshop; At the same time, they also highlighted the strategic issues for the planning development goals of Vietnam at the threshold of IR 4.0, which focused on: (1) Legal corridor, (2) Calling for investment and allocating capital for science-technology development in combination with human resource development, (3) Developing communications industry, (4) Strengthening international cooperation, (6) Create a dynamic business environment that promotes technology spillovers... This result would help Vietnam to be well prepared to capture the opportunities offered by IR 4.0. Moreover, we could minimize the risks by drawing on the lessons learned from European countries.

Pham Vinh Ha


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