Vietnam Academy Of Social Sciences

International Conference on "Population Change, Migration and Sustainable Development"

10/11/2018

Population change, migration is closely related to sustainable development. The big question is that Vietnam has experienced over four decades of population transition with great variations in fertility, mortality as well as size and structure. So, what should Vietnam do to use the potential of population as well as limit, deal with the negative impacts on demography ... for sustainable development?

Prof. Dr. Dang Nguyen Anh, Vice President of the Academy,  made a speech at the workshop

In order to expand the academic exchange forum with local and foreign research organizations, on October 19th, 2018, in Hanoi, the Institute of Sociology of the Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences (Academy) organized Workshop on "Population Change, Migration and Sustainable Development". The workshop was honored to welcome Prof.Dr. Dang Nguyen Anh, Vice President of the Academy, Vice Chairman of the National Committee for UNESCO in Vietnam, Head of the Sub-Committee on Social Sciences; GS.VS. Sergey Ryazantsev - Director of the Institute of Political and Social Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences and many delegates, representatives of international research agencies and organizations from Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, South Korea; Universities, research units and policymakers in Hanoi ...

Speaking at the opening workshop Prof.Dr. Dang Nguyen Anh and Prof.V.S. Sergey Ryazantsev warmly congratulated to the delegates who attended the workshop and said that although the topic of the workshop was not new, the issues of population change and immigration were closely related to sustainable development in any country. Along with the level of fertility, mortality and the characteristics of demographic transition in each province, country and region, the effects of migration on all social dimensions are already attracting to many scientists and policy makers in all countries to find appropriate explanations, contribute to the assessment of the context, forecasts of development-related trends human, social development in the direction of sustainability.

12 reports were presented at 2 sessions: Session 1: Population change; Session 2: Migration and Development. Scientists have discussed together in concrete ways: Opportunities and threats of population change in Vietnam; Golden population stage in sustainable development; Human resources development and labor mobility (area); The quality of marriage in Vietnam; Population aging; Life of the elderly; The adaptation mechanism of immigrants from the Russian Federation (case study of Southeast Asia); Migration and Sustainable Development of the Region (in the case of the Russian Federation and Vietnam); Population, migration and urbanization: advantages and challenges ...

Prof.Dr. Dang Nguyen Anh and Prof. Vs.Sergey Ryazantsev<br> presided over the 1st session at the workshop   Assoc. Prof. Dr. Nguyen Duc Vinh and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Marina Khramova (Rusian Academy of siences) presided over the 2 nd session at the workshop

Overview of Population Change in Vietnam, Assoc. Nguyen Duc Vinh (Institute of Sociology) considered that Vietnam is in the period of golden population structure, however, this period will last only about 27 years and will end in 2034; The phenomenon of labor migration from rural to urban is a common phenomenon in Vietnam; The rapid reduction of the dependency ratio over the past 30 years has contributed significantly to the increase in per capita income in Vietnam, however, this period has expired; The aging phase of the population has started and will take place quite rapidly in comparison with many other countries, while Vietnam is not prepared to deal with it; The population quality has improved but still low compared to many countries in the region.

Sharing changes about the phenomenon of immigrants in the Russian-speaking economy, Prof. Sergey Ryazantsev said that the Russian-speaking economy was a system of institutions and economic relations based on the Russian language. This is the main integration factor and also the supporting factor for development. The main purpose of this economy is to meet the needs of the Russian-speaking population residing permanently or temporarily abroad as well as the economic, trade and tourism relations in the host country where the migrants arrive. Although the scale of this economy is entirely depended on the number of Russian speaking communities and the number of tourists from the Soviet Union, the relations to this economy and the place of residence of the native Russian. This is also a very symbolic phenomenon and has significantly impact on the adaptation of Russian immigrants in Southeast Asia. Therefore, more in-depth research is needed to have more theoretical background on this issue.

Prof. Dr. Dang Nguyen Anh took a photo with delegates at the workshop

Besides, through the survey data on the "golden population" period, factors affecting temporary and medium-term labor mobility, livelihood status, marital quality, aging and the quality care for the elderly, the views of choosing career in education and training, the policy directions and forecasts ... in Vietnam and some countries such as Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Russia ... Science has jointly clarified the theme of the Workshop, which opens up a number of new approaches to enhance academic exchange opportunities and to provide a theoretical foundation for sustainable development policy orientations in Vietnam.

In conclusion, Prof..VS.Sergey Ryazantsev and Assoc. Nguyen Duc Vinh (Deputy Director of Institute of Sociology) was pleased to thank the comments of the scientists. At the same time, emphasis on new approaches is suggested in the exchange process and it is hoped that these approaches will become the subject of collaborative and research between the Institute of Sociology and research units in Viet Nam and overseas. Thereby promoting the international cooperation in order to  improve the quality of  the Institute of Sociology ‘in the next period./.

                                                                                                                          Pham Vinh Ha

 



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