Vietnam Academy Of Social Sciences

International Seminar “Sharing Development Experience of Korea and Vietnam in the Digital Era”


On May 16th, 2019 in Hanoi, the Vietnam Institute of Economics (under the Vietnam Academy of Social Sciences) organized a scientific seminar on “Sharing Development Experience of Korea and Vietnam in the Digital Era”. This scientific event was implemented in the framework of cooperation between the Vietnam Institute of Economics and Daegu-Gyeongbuk Development Institute (DGI). The seminar was co-chaired by Dr. Jooseuk Lee, Chairman of DGI and Assoc.Prof.Dr. Bui Quang Tuan, Director of Vietnam Institute of Economics, drawing the attention of many delegates from both sides.

Assoc.Prof.Dr. Bui Quang Tuan, Director of the Vietnam Institute of Economics, gave an opening speech to the seminar  

At the opening, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Bui Quang Tuan emphasized: “Korea is one of the leading countries in Asia in implementing the industrial revolution 4.0 to promote a new growth model based on the creation. Besides, South Korea is also one of the top countries in the development of the Internet of Things (IoT), especially in the construction of e-government and smart agriculture… Vietnam is in the process of restructuring the economy; therefore, the opportunity to share experiences, knowledge and ideas with Korean colleagues is very precious”.

In response to Assoc.Prof.Dr. Bui Quang Tuan, Dr. Jooseuk Lee expressed his pleasure and thanks for the respectful reception and the presence of many scientists from units inside and outside the Vietnam Institute of Economics. At the same time, he also said that the seminar would be a useful forum for both sides to share views, approach angles and things to consider in doing research. Thereby, jointly learning experiences, consolidating the theoretical system, summarizing the practices contributing to the mutual development of Vietnam and Korea.

Four papers were presented at the seminar: (1). Building e-government in Vietnam: Achievements and issues; (2). South Korea, the global leader in e-government: Successful lessons; (3). Smart agricultural development in Vietnam in the context of climate change; (4). Conditions of smart agricultural production in Korea and the application capabilities in Da Nang.

Dr. Le Xuan Sang, Deputy Director of the Vietnam Institute of Economics, stated that although the construction of e-government in Vietnam has achieved some remarkable successes, there are still many congestion points should be eliminated, which is the lack of financial support from the Government for E-gov (e-Government); limited application of IT and the provision of electronic services among government agencies; the integration and exchange information between local online service systems with relevant ministries and sectors that have not been connected and shared on a large scale; managing and handling irregular online tasks while there are not many high-level public services were provided to people and businesses; the delay in building a connection system for data sharing;  unfinished national database of population, land, finance, and unfriendly online public services… The further development of E-gov requires more rapid changes in the traditional relationship between government and citizens, especially openness, transparency, publicity, government responsibility, and democracy, especially in the economic and social fields.

Dr. Le Xuan Sang, Deputy Director of the Vietnam Institute of Economics presented at the seminar Dr. Lee Mun Hee, Daegu-Gyeongbuk Development Institute (DGI) presented at the seminar

On behalf of DGI scientists, Dr. Lee Mun Hee shared the accumulated experiences during the process of building and developing e-Government in Korea. In addition, he also shared the difficulties and problems that have been encountered to help Vietnam avoid and implement successfully in the shortest time. In which, there are some notes on the construction of technical standards and connections, security issues, investment capital, policy environment… To successfully build the e-Government, he believed that Vietnam needs to have a vision and strategy to keep up with the trend of the era; building an information society and a knowledge economy; Accordingly, organizational reform and appropriate state management apparatus to successfully implement the proposed strategic objectives. Infrastructure must catch up with the trend and be properly invested. The informationalization, the construction of information society are the tasks of the whole nation, people and government. To effectively informationalization, it is necessary to have the national ITS architecture, information and technology standards, deploy each step firmly. E-Government construction must go hand in hand with reforms focused on government activities; taking people and towards effective use as a centre.

Highlight the reason for developing smart agriculture, Dr. Tae Seok Moon said that the South Korean government had chosen smart farms as a leading enterprise for creative development. Therefore, for the Startup Youth Group, the Korean Government has made timely policies such as supporting to establish a smart agriculture ecosystem; smart farms for rent; supporting the competitiveness in farm research and development; organized many exhibitions related to smart farms; development and standardization of farm equipment… With favourable terrain and climate, Da Nang has many conditions to develop smart farms for specific products that bring high economic value such as herbs, vegetables, mushrooms… Vietnam needs to quickly cooperate with advanced countries that have successfully applied smart farm models (South Korea as an example) to study, apply and develop appropriate models.

Exchange ideas about smart agricultural development in Vietnam, Dr. Nguyen Song Tung (Deputy Director of Institute for Human Geography) shared: Vietnam's agriculture accounts for 82.3% of the total land area, labour resources account for 40.2% (in which nearly 50% are women). Every year, agriculture contributes more than 15% of GDP (2017 data) and reaches the highest growth rate (2012-2018), exporting 40 billion USD/year (2018), with a balance of $ 8.7 billion, contributing to poverty reduction and food security. However, the obstacle that smart agricultural development faces are a serious transformation of natural environmental conditions, water resources, climate and other subjective characteristics such as human resources, the lack and weakness in policy, implementation mechanisms in legal documents, plans and action programs… Therefore, Deputy Director said that there should have more research on the environment, especially on climate change, improvisation in specific localities, research on mechanisms, institutions, policies to make policy recommendations and improve the environment for smart agricultural development. Since then, it is necessary to strengthen propaganda measures and education to change people's awareness and behaviour (farmers) as well as having an adequate investment in financial resources and infrastructure towards developing clean agriculture, smart agriculture in the future for mutual development, green growth - for people.

Participants took a souvenir at the seminar
In summary, Assoc.Prof.Dr. Bui Quang Tuan highly appreciated the discussions and exchange opinions in the presentations. He believed that the mentioned issues and reports would clarify the problems that the seminar was concerned; On the other hand, opening new approaches should be deepened and identified in the next research directions. It is an essential base for two agencies to have more opportunities for cooperation and feasible research directions in the future, thereby contributing to strengthening the beautiful relationship of both sides.

Pham Vinh Ha

 (Source of Vietnam Institute of Economics)



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